ERP LEGISLATION

What is ErP?

ErP (Energy Related Product) Legislation was introduced in 2009 with the aim to reduce EU carbon emissions by 20% (compared to those in 2005) by 2020.

With few exceptions, all lamp technologies are affected by the new legislation, supporting the drive towards most efficient technologies.

All lamps have to achieve minimum energy efficiency and performance criteria, resulting in the poorer performing lamps no longer being allowed for introduction into the EU market.

As with all relevant legislation, Sylvania has worked to ensure that its entire range of lamps intended for use in the EU market meet or exceed the minimum requirements of ErP legislation.

The updates to the ErP legislation will take effect from 1 September, 2013 and Sylvania has taken the opportunity to further improve its range of LED, halogen and CFL lamps to address changing market dynamics and customer needs.

2013 EU legislation changes impacting lighting

Below are some changes introduced in September 2013 that will have a major impact on all lighting technologies and will make it easier for the consumer to compare products and allow retailers to remove non-compliant products from the market place. The ErP legislation can be split into three sections as shown below.

 

 

DIM*1
Stage 5 (244/2009)
Eco Design 
requirements for
non-directional 
household lamps

DIM*2 (1194/2012)
  Eco Design
requirements for
directional lamps,
LED and luminaires

Energy Label (874/2012) Directive

 
What’s 
happening?
- Higher technical performance requirements by Sept. 2013 - Higher technical performance requirements by Sept. 2013Ban of inefficient reflectors. 450lm & CFLi reflectors - New energy label to be added to all relevant lamp packaging
  - EEI** label classes on top of A class (A+, A++) are added.
  - Classes “F” and “G” are removed.
  - Lamps starting September 2013, fixtures starting March 2014
 
What range?

- Non-directional CFLi, LED and Halogen

 

- Directional Halogen, LED, CFLi and non-directional LED related equipment e.g. LED luminaires

 

- All Lamp portfolios (Incandescent, Fluo, HID, SPG, LED and LED modules)

- Fixtures with lamps
 

 

 

Guide to Sylvania packaging

We’ve updated our packaging to include all the requirements for ErP regulations. As part of this update we’ve improved the design based on customer research creating a more eye catching and easier to navigate packaging helping consumers to make their purchasing decision easier and quicker.

Blister packaging

The entire portfolio is available in sleeve or box, with a select range also available in blister for our retail customers.

Halogen

CFL

Lumens vs watts – why use lumens?

Watts will only tell you how much power the light consumes, not how much light it generates. Lumens
will tell you what you actually need to know, how much light you will get from a light source; and it is an easier means for comparing the amount of light you will get from one lamp versus another.

Non-Directional Lamps

In non-directional lamps, the amount of lumens defines the total amount of light the lamp generates irrespective of direction.

Directional Lamps

Previously, directional lamps only stated the luminous intensity (candela) of the light. This would only indicate how intense the light was and gave no frame of reference for the quantity (lumens) of light.

The new DIM*2 legislation specifies that the amount of useful light is the light that is emitted in a 90 degree cone from the lamp. Any light outside this cone is not considered useful in the pursuit of directional lighting. It is however important to maintain an element of “spill light”, that is light outside the cone to ensure homogenous, uniform lighting.

Directional lamp lumens are defined by the amount of useful light which is emitted forwards.

Useful lumens in directional lamps

The new legislation specifies that a 90º cone is used for the calculation of reflector lumen output. This is because Halogen lamps have more spill light. To accurately compare light emitted in a specific direction, we can only use the lumens in a 90º cone. This is known as useful lumens.


"Useful lumens" as measured withing a 90º cone


GU10 Halogen 50W 36º


GU10 5.5W LED 40º

Non-directional lamps

Please refer to the following charts for an easy equivalence of lumens and watts across the most popular lamps.

For non-directional lamps, we will be focusing on lumens. Lumens is the total luminous flux of a lamp in all directions.

The higher the lumens the more light is generated by the lamp.

Directional lamps

For directional lamps, we will be focusing on useful lumens. Useful lumens is the amount of luminous flux within a 90º cone in the forward facing direction of the lamp. This will tell you the amount of ‘useful’ light emitted from a directional light source.

Understanding the characteristics of a lamp

Lamps are available in a wide range of shapes, sizes and technologies. The key lamp characteristics are highlighted below.
Each lamp type has its own specific traits, so it’s important to understand these in order to ensure you’re choosing the right
product for your needs.

Power in watt (W)

Watt is the unit of power and was used for incandescent lamps as an indication of their light output. Since modern energy saving lamps and LED lamps consume far less power to achieve the same brightness, the wattage is no longer as meaningful. The lumen value is now used to describe light output.

Lumens (lm)

The photometric unit of luminous flux. Luminous flux is the quantity of visible radiation emitted which is weighted to take into account the sensitivity of the human eye. There are two measures of lumens used.

Lumens (non-directional lamps)

This is the total luminous flux of a lamp in all directions.

Useful lumens (directional lamps)

This is the amount of luminous flux within a 90º cone in the forward facing direction of the lamp. This will tell you the amount of ‘useful’ light emitted from a directional light.

Candela (cd)

The unit of measurement for luminous intensity in a particular direction.

Instant light

A common issue with many compact fluorescent lamps is that full light output takes some time and occurs with a period of unpleasant light and switch delay. Instant light means the lamp illuminates within 0.5 seconds and achieves full light output within 60 seconds. 

Colour temperature

An approximate indication of the colour impression created by a white light source. It describes how ‘warm’ or ‘cool’ the appearance of the light will be. The unit of measurement is degrees Kelvin. Sylvania lamps are offered in a range of colour temperatures from 2700K Homelight, similar to incandescent lamps, 3000K Warm white similar to Halogen, 4000K Cool white to 6500K Daylight.

Watts to lumens examples non-directional lamps

Watts to lumens examples directional lamps

Lumens example
(Non-directional lamps)
Lumens example
(Directional lamps)
Candela example

Kelvins example    
Homelight

Warm colours

Cool White

Neutral colours

Daylight

Cool colours

Home Retail & Supermarket Hospital & Offices

Beam angle

Indicates the width of the light beam from a directional light source. It can be thought of as an imaginary cone of light emitted from the front of the lamp and is defined as the angle at the point where luminous intensity has diminished to 50% of the candela intensity found at the centre beam.

The beam angle is particularly important to understand how focussed or how diffuse you need your light to be when lighting a specific object or an open space.

Colour Rendering Index (CRI)

This is the ability of a lamp to reproduce the colours it is illuminating (maximum CRI = 100). The higher the CRI, the more accurate the quality of the colours of objects being lit .

Average rated life

For all technologies except LED, average rated life is based on 50% lifespan from a sample set of lamps. i.e 10’000 hours will be the point at which 50% of lamps are still operating. For LED, life is defined on either 50% average rated life or 70% lumen maintenance which ever occurs first.

Lumen maintenance

Every lamp will gradually lose light output over life. The lumen maintenance will tell you how many percent of the original light is still generated at a given point in the lamps’ life.

Dimmability

Most conventional dimmers have been designed for incandescent and halogen lamps and are rated for higher minimum loads than LED or CFL lamps consume. It is therefore important to ensure that the load applied to a dimmer matches at least the minimum load stated on the dimmer.

There may be some restrictions in terms of functionality of dimmers with individual LEDs/CFLs – but when more than one lamp is used to increase the total of loading, dimming becomes easier. It is also important not to overload a dimmer to its maximum load.

Beam angle examples

CRI guide

Excellent: art galleries, medical examinations, colour printing inspections, etc.

Good: shops, showrooms, restaurants, offices, etc.

Fair: security illumination, storage areas, etc.

Poor: public lighting, carparks, etc.

Less important: road lighting

 

Common base types